10 Gingivitis Home Remedies That Actually Work
Nearly half of American adults have some form of gum disease. These home remedies may help treat gingivitis, a mild form of gum disease.
Inflamed, bleeding gums
If your gums regularly bleed, are irritated, and are swollen, there’s a good chance you have the form of gum disease known as gingivitis, according to the National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research. See your dentist before you try to manage this issue on your own, and be sure to tell her about any home treatments you may want to try. These are some of the remedies backed by medical research.
Regularly sipping on this herbal brew may help: Research has shown that green tea—which is high in antioxidants that help reduce inflammation and may counteract the body’s inflammatory response to bacteria in the mouth—can help ease the swelling and bleeding from gingivitis, according to research published in the Journal of International Oral Health. The polyphenols in green tea may also help inhibit the growth of bacteria that can lead to gingivitis. Make sure you know the early signs of gum disease you shouldn’t ignore.
Swishing with hydrogen peroxide, a powerful antiseptic with antibacterial properties, may help kill bacteria in the mouth that could lead to gum disease, according to Jennifer Jablow, a cosmetic dentist in New York City. “You can dilute the 3 percent hydrogen peroxide you get at the drugstore–mixing it 50/50 with water,” says Jablow. “I tell my patients to put some in their water flosser to really help kill the bacteria under their gums.”
This spice, typically used in curry dishes, is becoming increasingly recognized for its anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and antimicrobial properties. Plus, one study by researchers at Punjab University in India found that applying a paste made of one teaspoon of turmeric, a half teaspoon of salt, and a half teaspoon of mustard oil provides relief from gingivitis when rubbed onto gums and teeth twice daily.
Gargling and swishing with a mouth rinse made of the herb sage may soothe inflamed gums, due to its anti-inflammatory compounds. A study by researchers in Iran found that daily rinsing with a sage mouthwash significantly lowered the number of bacteria that cause dental plaque. Try adding two tablespoons of fresh sage or one teaspoon of dried sage to one to two cups of boiling water; simmer for up to 10 minutes, then strain and let cool.
Researchers found that a mouthwash made with 0.25% lemongrass oil could effectively reduce levels of plaque—a contributor to and symptom of gingivitis. The oil can be a good alternative to traditional mouthwash, according to the study, which was published in the Journal of Clinical Diagnosis and Research. Dilute two to three drops of lemongrass oil in one cup of water, then swish and spit out.
Brushing with a paste made of baking soda (now an ingredient in some store-bought toothpastes) and water may help neutralize acids in the mouth that can contribute to gum disease. A 2017 study published in the Journal of Clinical Dentistry compared toothpastes containing sodium bicarbonate (also known as baking soda) to those without. The researchers found that toothpastes containing baking soda were better at removing plaque.
While oil pulling—the fad of swishing or rinsing with oil to support oral health—lacks solid scientific research to back it, there is some evidence that it may help. A small study of 40 people published in the Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research compared coconut oil pulling with a placebo and found that rinsing with coconut oil for 10 minutes once a day for seven days reduced plaque.
Flossing removes food particles from in between teeth, where toothbrushes can’t reach, stresses the ADA. This helps prevent plaque buildup, a precursor to gum disease. Regular dental visits are also a critical preventative step. Don’t miss these 11 more things your dentist wishes you would do for your teeth.
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: "Periodontal Disease."
- Journal of International Oral Health: "Effects of green tea on periodontal health: A prospective clinical study"
- National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research: "Gum Disease."
- Journal of the Indian Society for Periodontology: "Green Tea: A Boon for Periodontal and General Health."
- Jennifer Jablow, DDS, cosmetic dentist, New York City.
- Journal of Natural Science, Biology and Medicine: "Role of Curcumin in Systemic and Oral Health: An Overview."
- Iranian Journal of Microbiology: "The Antibacterial Effect of Sage Extract (Salvia officials) Mouthwash Against Streptococcus Mutant in Dental Plaque: A Randomized Clinical Trial."
- PlosOne: "Rinsing With Saline Promotes Human Gingival Fibroblast Wound Healing in Vitro."
- Journal of Clinical Diagnosis and Research: "Efficacy of 0.25% Lemongrass Oil Mouthwash: A Three Arm Prospective Parallel Clinical Study."
- Journal of Clinical Dentistry: "Two Randomized Clinical Studies to Confirm Differential Plaque Removal by Sodium Bicarbonate Dentifrices in a Single Timed Brushing Model."
- Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: "Comparative Evaluation of Anti Plaque Efficacy of Coconut Oil Pulling and a Placebo, Among Dental College Students: A Randomized Controlled Trial."
- American Dental Association: "Brush Teeth."
- American Dental Association: "Flossing."