20 Foods That Can Help Prevent Clogged Arteries
You're never too young to start eating for your heart. Science suggests these foods could help prevent clogged arteries.
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Keep your heart healthy
The number one killer in the United States is heart disease: According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), 610,000 people die from it every year—that is about one out of every four deaths. The cause of heart disease is generally clogged arteries. These blood vessels can be blocked by fatty plaque that contains calcium, cholesterol, and other substances that circulate in the blood. “There is no one magic food that acts like Drano and cleans out the accumulated plaque,” says Florian Rader, MD, a cardiologist at the Smidt Heart Institute at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center in Los Angeles. “But good habits can help slow down that process, and maintaining a healthy weight and diet is one factor you can control to a great degree. And,” he says, “It’s never too late to start.”
Here’s a step forward in helping your arteries: It’s been more than 20 years since the FDA approved heart-healthy claims for these whole grains, and research keeps uncovering new benefits. The main one, says Bonnie Taub-Dix, RD, author of Read It Before You Eat It: Taking You from Label to Table, is their rich supply of soluble fiber, which has been shown to lower bad LDL cholesterol levels. Why that’s good for your arteries, according to Dr. Rader: “Cholesterol can seep into the inner layer of blood vessels and form plaque over time.” Since most Americans fall chronically short on fiber, the four grams per cup that oats deliver are a welcome addition. Here’s more on what to eat to lower cholesterol.
A great source of soluble fiber—black beans have three times as much of it per cup as oats. Another perk: Antioxidants, which are especially abundant in colorful varieties such as black beans and red kidney beans, may fight inflammation that contributes to heart disease. Check out these 10 heart-healthy meals cardiologists make for themselves.
These protein-packed discs come from the same legume family as beans, which means that they pack many similar benefits. Preliminary research in rats found that lentils appear to reverse the damage to blood vessels caused by high blood pressure. Plus, lentils are at the top of the food spectrum for protein and fiber content, with very little fat, and contain calcium, potassium, and magnesium—all minerals that can help lower blood pressure. Find out the best and worst diets for heart health.
A lot of the research on omega-3 fatty acids focuses on brain health, but these potent anti-inflammatories have benefits for your ticker, too. Research links inflammation inside your body to a number of chronic diseases and conditions, including plaque buildup, says Dr. Rader. So there’s speculation that reducing inflammation might reduce plaque in your arteries. Eating fatty fish such as salmon and mackerel is one way to get your fill of omega-3s, so try to eat some at least twice a week, says Taub-Dix.
Fat of any kind used to be at the top of the list of things that are bad for your heart. Not anymore: Research reveals that mono- and polyunsaturated fats, like those found in avocados, are heart-healthy because they help lower bad LDL cholesterol and raise good HDL cholesterol, says Taub-Dix. These green fruits also contain a decent amount of fiber. Read more about the heart-healthy benefits of avocados.
Nuts are another good source of heart-healthy fats, and pistachios have this bonus: They’re filled with plant sterols, the same substances in cholesterol-lowering products that help block cholesterol absorption in your gut, says Karen Ansel, RD, author of Healing Superfoods for Anti-Aging: Stay Younger, Live Longer. If you’re allergic to nuts, you can also get plant sterols from sesame seeds.
In recent years, more people have started recognizing the health-boosting properties of this brilliant yellow spice traditionally used in Indian cuisine. A substance in the spice, curcumin, is an antioxidant that may help prevent fatty deposits from building up and blocking arteries, Ansel says. If you’re not a huge fan of curry, try a golden latte made with the spice.
Scientists have known for years that cruciferous veggies like broccoli have cancer-fighting abilities, but researchers are also examining broccoli’s role in heart health. There’s evidence that a compound in it called sulforaphane may assist the body’s natural defenses against arterial clogs by activating a certain kind of protein, says Ansel. Broccoli also has fiber and anti-inflammatory properties. Read about how this and 11 other foods can help lower blood pressure.
Another green giant as far as heart health goes, these fibrous stalks are rich in quercetin, a phytonutrient that prevents plaque from sticking to your arteries. “Whether you have a family history of heart disease or are simply trying to prevent it, asparagus should be at the top of your shopping list,” Ansel says. Find out the 10 healthiest vegetables you can eat.
The reason cardiologists seem obsessed with taking your blood pressure? When it’s elevated, it can eventually wear out the lining of your blood vessels, leaving them less elastic and able to function normally. That can increase your risk for a heart attack or stroke. This juicy melon can help. “Watermelon is the number one source of citrulline,” says Ansel. Citrulline is an amino acid the body uses to produce nitric oxide, which may help keep blood vessels relaxed and pliable.
You may have the impression that carbs aren’t good for you, but that isn’t true. Whole grains—even in bread and pasta—are part of a heart-healthy diet. According to an analysis published in the Archives of Internal Medicine, for every 10 grams of whole grains people eat each day, their risk of heart disease dropped 14 percent; even better, their odds of dying from a heart attack fell 25 percent. This may be because whole grains are loaded with fiber, says Angela Lemond, RDN, a Plano, Texas-based nutritionist and national spokesperson for the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics. “Fiber helps pull cholesterol out of the body. It is also known to help promote the growth of good bacteria in the gut, which can have an indirect benefit on heart health.” Try swapping refined grains for unprocessed ones to reap the benefits.
Milk with DHA
As aging arteries stiffen up, says Lemond, they can begin to restrict your blood flow. Omega-3 fatty acids promote cardiovascular health—especially one known as docosahexaenoic acid (DHA). It’s most commonly found in seafood, but if you’re not a fish fan, try DHA-fortified milk and eggs. (Read about the 12 lifesaving breakthroughs in heart health.)
Yes, you can have potatoes. Spuds are full of potassium: They give you more than double the amount in an average banana. That’s key because less than 2% of Americans are getting their recommended daily amount of potassium, and it’s helpful in regulating your blood pressure. Potatoes also have a decent amount of fiber, so as long as you don’t deep-fry them or slather them in butter and sour cream, they can be a surprisingly healthy choice.
How to help your arteries? Consider some chocolate. Cocoa beans are rich in flavanols—plant compounds that have antioxidant properties and may benefit your heart. A 2017 analysis of the research done on chocolate published in the journal Nutrients found that people who regularly ate chocolate (in moderation) had a lower risk of heart failure. Nutritionists recommend dark chocolate over other types—that high cacao percentage (above 70 percent) means the bar has more beneficial compounds. (Eat more of these 12 foods if you want to improve your circulation.)
Like a lot of beans, coffee beans—and the java you get from them—deliver healthy antioxidants. In research, coffee seems to have potential to lower the risk of cardiac disease; the caffeine may also help your ticker. When scientists recently gave mice the caffeine equivalent of four cups of coffee, they discovered that the cells lining the mice’s blood vessels began to work more efficiently.
While most nutritional guidelines acknowledge that a little wine (and other types of alcohol) in moderation may be good for your heart, they do so with a strong caution, says Dr. Rader. He points out that there’s no direct cause and effect—researchers haven’t established that drinking wine lowers your risk; they only know that people with a lower risk of heart disease tend to drink wine. That’s why no one is handing out free passes to drink as much as you want: Limit yourself to no more than one four-ounce glass of wine a day if you’re a woman—two for men. Keep in mind you might get similar benefits with any type of alcohol.
Heart specialists used to warn people to stay away from eggs because they have a lot of cholesterol. But the research suggests that the cholesterol in your food doesn’t have that much of an impact on the levels in your blood, says Taub-Dix. In fact, fats in eggs seem to boost the good HDL cholesterol in your blood (it helps prevent the buildup of plaque in vessel walls). A study conducted in China and published in the journal Heart suggested that a moderate intake of eggs (less than one a day) was associated with an 11 percent lower risk of heart disease compared with never eating them. (Don’t miss these 30 ways to reduce your risk of heart disease and stroke.)
They’re fiber- and antioxidant-rich, and one study, published in Circulation: The Journal of the American Heart Association, found that eating three servings a week may reduce the risk of a heart attack by a third in women. Researchers credit anthocyanins, compounds in berries that may help dilate blood vessels, making it easier for blood to pass through. Find out the 10 things you can do to keep your heart valves healthy.
Benefits abound in this brew—and British researchers found a potential new bonus: They were focusing on a compound known as EGCG, which has shown promise in treating Alzheimer’s disease. The researchers found that the same molecule could shrink fatty deposits on artery walls. In previous research, scientists demonstrated that green tea could lower bad LDL cholesterol and triglycerides, too.
Probiotics get a lot of attention because they support the populations of healthy bacteria in your gut. But did you know that you can repopulate your intestines with the good healthy bacteria found in foods like kimchi, yogurt, tepache and kombucha? Emerging research indicates that the foods (and the bacteria they contain) may help lower your blood pressure and bad LDL cholesterol levels.
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- World Journal of Cardiology: "Antioxidants, inflammation and cardiovascular disease."
- The British Journal of Nutrition: "Lentil-based diets attenuate hypertension and large-artery remodeling in spontaneously hypertensive rats."
- Lentils.org: "Nutritional Information for Lentils."
- U.S. Department of Agriculture: "Avocados."
- Mayo Clinic: "Nuts and your heart: Eating nuts for heart health."
- University of Minnesota: "Plant Sterols."
- National Cancer Institute: "Cruciferous Vegetables and Cancer Prevention."
- Mini-Reviews in Medicinal Chemistry: "Potential health benefits of broccoli—a chemico-biological overview."
- Nutrients: "Estimated daily intake and seasonal food sources of quercetin in Japan."
- Menopause: "Effects of watermelon supplementation on arterial stiffness and wave reflection amplitude in postmenopausal women."
- Archives of Internal Medicine: "Dietary fiber and risk of coronary heart disease: a pooled analysis of cohort studies."
- Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes and Essential Fatty Acids: "Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and cardiovascular disease risk factors."
- United States Department of Agriculture: "Potatoes."
- NutritionFacts.org: "98% of American Diets Potassium-Deficient."
- Nutrients: "Chocolate Consumption and Risk of Coronary Heart Disease, Stroke, and Diabetes: A Meta-Analysis of Prospective Studies."
- PLoS Biology: "CDKN1B/p27 is localized in mitochondria and improves respiration-dependent processes in the cardiovascular system—New mode of action for caffeine."
- Heart: "Associations of egg consumption with cardiovascular disease in a cohort study of 0.5 million Chinese adults."
- Circulation: "High Anthocyanin Intake Is Associated With a Reduced Risk of Myocardial Infarction in Young and Middle-Aged Women."
- Journal of Biological Chemistry: "Epigallocatechin-3-gallate remodels apolipoprotein A-I amyloid fibrils into soluble oligomers in the presence of heparin."
- Pharmacological Research: "Tea and Cardiovascular Disease."
- PlOS One: "Effect of probiotic Lactobacillus on lipid profile: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized, controlled trials."
- Florian Rader: MD, cardiologist at the Smidt Heart Institute at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center in Los Angeles.
- Karen Ansel: RD, author of Healing Superfoods for Anti-Aging: Stay Younger, Live Longer.
- Angela Lemond, RDN, a Plano, Texas-based nutritionist and national spokesperson for the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics.