12 Common Bedroom Items that Are Secretly Toxic
If you're not careful, the room that should foster sweet dreams could become a waking nightmare. Don't miss these surprising dangers that may be lurking in your bedroom—and wreaking havoc on your health.
Is pollution invading your bedroom?
Most people think about pollution as an outdoor problem that they can escape when they go inside, but indoor pollution may be even more dangerous and pervasive. According to the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), Americans spend around 90 percent of their time inside, where the concentrations of some pollutants can be up to five times higher than what you’d typically be exposed to outside. While this can be an issue in any room, bedrooms can be particularly concerning because we spend so much time there.
The bedroom can be a significant source of air pollution, says Kimberly Button, who is a certified consultant with the International Well Being Building Institute. She also founded the website Get Green Be Well and created The Ultimate Home Detox Guide. She advises reducing—as much as possible—the potential toxins and allergens in your bedroom.
That fresh coat of paint on your bedroom walls may look gorgeous, but it could cause some serious health problems. Some paints and related products emit volatile organic compounds (VOCs) that can affect you for longer than the painting and drying period. Research published in 2019 in the International Journal of Scientific Research and Review indicates that paint can be a major source of VOCs in the home. Other findings have suggested that young children exposed to high concentrations of these paint fumes and common cleaners had higher rates of asthma, eczema, and allergies. VOCs also have been linked to organ damage and cancer, reports the American Lung Association. To minimize risk, make sure to paint in well-ventilated conditions, allow for a significant drying and airing-out period (about 24 hours), and opt for low- or zero-VOC paint. Learn more about these 23 other subtle ways your house might be making you sick.
A mattress filled with toxic chemicals could put a serious damper on your rest and health. Some mattress hazards include flame-retardant chemicals and PVC, both of which have been linked to certain types of cancer and hormone disruption. While being around these toxins can be dangerous for anyone, children are particularly vulnerable since they can spend up to 14 hours per day sleeping, says Jane McElroy, PhD, a family and community medicine professor at the University of Missouri School of Medicine. “Children and infants are at greater risk from environmental toxins because their bodies and their ability to handle exposure to toxins are still developing,” she adds. “Further, numerous detrimental health and developmental outcomes for children have been linked to VOC exposure.” Look for Global Organic Textile Standard (GOTS) certification when buying to help you avoid VOCs and fire retardants. Latex, in general, is likely less toxic/healthier choice
“All bedding can emit VOCs—it’s not just beds,” warns Button. “If you have a pillow made from memory foam, it’s just as problematic with off-gassing chemicals as a mattress made with memory foam.” Plus, your nose is just inches away from the source of the problem for hours at a time. Button adds that while off-gassing is generally the strongest in the first few weeks and months after buying a new product, it doesn’t ever completely stop.
Mold, dust mites, and other allergens can also accumulate in your favorite pillow. “We all tend to hold onto bedding way longer than it’s healthy to do so—sometimes people have had the same pillow for more than 10 years,” Button says. “Dust mites can build up and create serious allergic problems that you might be blaming on something else.” She suggests choosing a material that’s resistant to dust mites, such as natural latex, or a natural material like wool. While it may be a bit more expensive than synthetic options, it can prevent health problems and save you much more in the long run. Don’t miss 14 of the most germ-filled spots in your bedroom.
You might not think twice about the perfumes, powders, polishes, and assorted cosmetics that likely top your dresser (or the counters in your bathroom), but if you have small children, that’s a mistake. Personal-care products—which may contain alcohol or other chemicals not meant to be ingested or put near the eyes—were responsible for the most child-related calls to poison-control centers in 2017 for children under the age of five.
Johns Hopkins Medicine notes that the hours between 4 p.m. and 10 p.m. are the most common times for this to happen because parents aren’t watching kids as closely while they’re making dinner or tending to other issues around the house. Poison-center workers refer to late afternoon as “the arsenic hour.” Make sure to keep products out of reach or behind cabinets, always keep a watchful eye on little ones, and, of course, call 911 or poison control if your child has ingested a possible toxin.
Dressers, bookcases, and other wood furniture
The problem here lies mostly with engineered wood or composite wood products—namely, hardwood plywood, medium-density fiberboard, and particleboard, according to the EPA. These products are typically bound together with adhesives that contain formaldehyde, which can cause breathing problems and irritate eyes, as well as potentially cause cancer. Those at particular risk include infants and other young children, the elderly, and people with asthma or other respiratory problems.
The Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry suggests looking for furniture with low or no formaldehyde, or a label that says, “No VOC/Low VOC.” The EPA also recently instituted new rules regarding composite wood, making sure that they meet formaldehyde-emission standards, but older items are still in circulation. Keep reading for 10 things you should never keep in your bedroom.
These tiny little balls that protect your clothing pack a big chemical punch—and not just for the insects and rodents they’re meant to repel. According to the National Pesticide Information Center, they’re comprised of almost 100 percent of their active ingredient, either naphthalene or paradichlorobenzene, and they eventually turn from solid balls into toxic vapors.
If you’re smelling their distinctive smell, you’re inhaling toxins. That can cause headaches, dizziness, eye, and skin irritation, and, in the long run, even cataract formation and liver damage. To prevent this, make sure to read—and abide by—the directions. Proper usage generally entails putting the mothballs in an airtight container. If possible, try avoiding them altogether. Don’t miss these 10 most common reasons people call poison control centers.
There’s a good chance that the foam in your upholstered furniture contains organohalogen flame retardants (OFRs). These chemicals, which the Consumer Product Safety Commission has recommended that consumers avoid, have been linked to a slew of health problems, including cancer, reproductive problems, hormone dysfunction, and, in children, low IQ, hyperactivity, and learning issues. (Recent research also suggests that these materials aren’t even that effective at combating fire.) In a study of 857 participants by Duke researchers, OFRs were found in more than 90 percent of adults and children. One problem is that these chemicals can seep out of furniture and into the environment, where they can be touched, inhaled, or swallowed. While some states are banning these chemicals in furniture production, you should always check a product’s label.
That lush, cushy carpet under your feet may cause multiple health problems. A review of research published in the International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health shows that carpeted floors have been linked to respiratory irritation and infections, asthma, headaches, and fatigue. It’s not clear, however, what’s causing these conditions. One likely culprit: VOC emissions from synthetic fibers, adhesives, padding, and chemical treatments. But there’s more to it than that. “The issue with wall-to-wall carpets goes beyond the off-gassing of VOCs—they are a sink of pollutants that remain in the home,” says McElroy. “Carpets collect dust, allergens, and pollutants, and these can also be re-suspended with vacuuming and even by walking or playing on them.”
Cleaning products can also accumulate in the fibers of the rug. If you have your heart set on a carpet, the EWG recommends choosing one with more natural and sustainable fibers, such as wool, using certified low-VOC adhesives, letting it air out sufficiently when installed, taking off shoes when inside, and using a vacuum with a HEPA filter. Here’s why you should take your shoes off as soon as you go inside your house.
Phthalates are the worrisome ingredients in many air fresheners. They have been linked to hormonal disruption, birth defects, and reproductive issues, and one study published in Environmental Health Perspectives found that pregnant women exposed to phthalates had a higher likelihood of having children who developed asthma. According to research conducted by the Natural Resources Defense Council, even though many air fresheners don’t list phthalates in their ingredients, they are often still there—even in those labeled “all-natural” or “unscented.”
Button says the key is to look for a product made with essential oils, which are distilled parts of actual plants that retain the fragrance naturally. But be careful, she says. “A lot of marketing claims say ‘made with essential oils,’ and even if they only use 1 percent essential oils and the rest artificial fragrance, they’re not lying in their claim. You want a room spray or linen spray that says ‘fragrance from 100 percent essential oils’ or ‘only from essential oils.'” Still, essential oils come with their own risks, especially if you don’t know these essential-oil mistakes to avoid.
When something burns, you breathe in the smoke and particulate matter that it releases. This may be particularly problematic with scented candles, where you’re likely adding VOCs and other chemicals to the mix. “Several toxic chemicals and airborne particles from [scented candles and other fragranced products] have been linked to adverse health effects, such as respiratory issues, migraine headaches, and contact dermatitis,” says McElroy. “Avoiding exposure to these toxins by not using items that emit fragrances is the best solution. Well-ventilated areas will also reduce the exposure. The old-fashioned solution of airing out the room by opening windows does help.” Keep reading to learn 12 things that pollute the air inside your home.
Cleaning is obviously a good thing, but the chemicals that we use may not be. Many common cleaning products contain a variety of chemicals, including VOCs, as well as fragrances. Chlorine bleach and ammonia, for example, can release chemicals into the air that can aggravate allergies and asthma. The American Lung Association also warns that those two items should never be mixed since they can create gases that can cause chronic breathing problems and even death.
Button suggests using products made with plant-based or natural ingredients, noting that it isn’t necessary to use heavy-duty chemical-based cleaners for everyday cleaning. “And never underestimate the simple cleaning power of soap and water,” she adds. “It’s what we use to wash germs off our hands, and it does the same for items in the home, such as floors, toilets, and countertops.” You’ll definitely want to know about these home-cleaning tips straight from the CDC.
While the dust on top of your dresser and the dust bunnies underneath it aren’t bedroom items, per se, they can take up semi-permanent residence in your room. According to a study published in Environmental Science & Technology, researchers found 45 toxic chemicals in house dust—10 of which are in 90 percent of homes across the United States. Two the most common were phthalates and flame retardants, and all of the chemicals generally came from common items such as flooring and carpets, blinds, fragrances, treatments for upholstery and clothes, and personal-care products. While this can pose a danger to anyone, young children are at the most risk since they crawl on the floor, touching everything and then touching their mouths.
Instead of simply dusting, try using a vacuum with a HEPA filter, and remember to wash your kids’ hands regularly, even when at home—and wash your own as well. Of course, your bedroom isn’t the only potentially problematic room in your house—check out these 15 common kitchen items that are secretly toxic.
- Environmental Protection Agency: “Indoor Air Quality”
- Kimberly Button, a WELL AP who founded the website Get Green Be Well and created The Ultimate Home Detox Guide
- International Journal of Scientific Research and Review: "INDOOR AIR POLLUTION—A Threat"
- PLOS One: “Common Household Chemicals and the Allergy Risks in Pre-School Age Children”
- Occupational & Environmental Medicine: “The CHARGE study: an assessment of parental occupational exposures and autism spectrum disorder”
- American Lung Association: “Volatile Organic Compounds”
- Environmental Working Group: “Mattresses”
- Current Opinion in Oncology: “Do Flame Retardant Chemicals Increase the Risk for Thyroid Dysregulation and Cancer?”
- National Cancer Institute: “Vinyl Chloride”
- Jane McElroy, PhD, a family and community medicine professor at the University of Missouri School of Medicine
- Reviews on Environmental Health: “Exposure to Environmental Toxicants and Young Children's Cognitive and Social Development”
- Clinical Toxicology: “2018 Annual Report of the American Association of Poison Control Centers’ National Poison Data System (NPDS): 36th Annual Report”
- Johns Hopkins Medicine: “Poisons Overview”
- Environmental Protection Agency: “Frequent Questions for Consumers about the Formaldehyde Standards for Composite Wood Products Act”
- Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry: “Formaldehyde in Your Home: What you need to know”
- National Pesticide Information Center: “Health Effects of Mothballs”
- Consumer Reports: “New Warning to Consumers: Avoid These Flame Retardants”
- Environmental Science & Technology Letters: “Temporal Trends in Exposure to Organophosphate Flame Retardants in the United States”
- International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health: “Do Carpets Impair Indoor Air Quality and Cause Adverse Health Outcomes: A Review”
- Environmental Working Group: “Carpet”
- Environmental Health Perspectives: “Asthma in Inner-City Children at 5–11 Years of Age and Prenatal Exposure to Phthalates: The Columbia Center for Children’s Environmental Health Cohort”
- Natural Resources Defense Council: “Protect Your Family from the Hidden Hazards in Air Fresheners”
- Air Quality, Atmosphere, & Health: “Fragranced consumer products: exposures and effects from emissions”
- American Lung Association: “Cleaning Supplies and Household Chemicals”
- Environmental Science & Technology: “Consumer Product Chemicals in Indoor Dust: A Quantitative Meta-analysis of U.S. Studies”