12 Proven Tricks for How to Stay Awake (on Less Than 5 Hours of Sleep)
We've all had one of those sleepless nights—but how do you function the next day when you're sleep deprived? Here are some science-based tips for staying alert when all you want to do is snooze.
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Here's what to do when sleep isn't an option
Staying awake is understandably a challenge for anyone surviving on less than five hours of sleep. Of course, getting enough sleep is important for your overall health. (Especially since this is what happens to your body when you don't get enough sleep.) You don't want to make a habit of skimping on the z's. Still, if you need a boost to get through your day, you'll want to try one of these proven tricks for staying awake.
Turn on a bright light
The National Sleep Foundation recommends that adults get between seven and nine hours of sleep a night—and although we should aim for that, it doesn't always happen. A sick kid, deadlines on a work project, or even insomnia can cause us to get too little shut-eye. But how to stay awake when that happens? Besides taking a nap, which isn't usually possible when we have to face the day, here's what you can do: Reset your internal clock with the help of light. "Light therapy delivered for 20 minutes upon awakening or at particular times of day can be very effective," says sleep expert Michael Breus, PhD, clinical psychologist, fellow of The American Academy of Sleep Medicine, and author of The Sleep Doctor’s Diet Plan. "There are special [blue spectrum] bulbs that are commercially available that can help a person wake up—I use them in my bathroom." A study from the American Academy of Sleep Medicine found that bright light at the end of a night shift was effective in increasing alertness. If you can't sleep, one of these 10 medical conditions could be why.
Get some sun
Sunlight helps to set our circadian rhythm naturally, so it might be even more effective than artificial light at making you feel bright-eyed and bushy tailed. "Sunlight signals your body and mind to wake up more," says Richard Shane, PhD, a behavioral sleep therapist. "Get out into the sun for even five to 10 minutes, close your eyes, and turn your face toward it." Sun exposure works by resetting your internal clock, he explains. To help you sleep better at night, the best time to get your sunshine in is first thing in the morning, according to the National Sleep Foundation. Find out more about how to sleep better when you're sleep deprived.
Get moving to stimulate your body. "The increased blood flow will help you feel more energized," Dr. Shane says. Sleep-deprived participants who walked up and down stairs for 10 minutes felt more energized than drinking the amount of caffeine in a can of soda, according to a small study published in Physiology and Behavior. As an extra bonus, the exercise increased their motivation for work as opposed to the jittery energy you get from coffee. According to study author Patrick O'Connor, the experiment focused on stairs because the typical office worker has easy access to them—so you can try this the next time you're fading fast at your desk.
Splash cold water on your face
While warmth makes us feel like cozying up, exposure to colder temperatures is invigorating. If you need a quick pick-me-up while at work, try splashing your face with cool or cold water in the bathroom sink. "That's a stimulant to your skin and nervous system, which wakes you up," Dr. Shane says. This may happen because cold water is a stressor, so the body releases hormones like noradrenaline in response, which puts us on alert. This is a tip you can also use to help you stay alert on the road.
Take a cool shower
Even better, expose your whole body to cool water to wake yourself up. "There is some data that a cool, not cold, shower in the a.m. can be very alerting," Dr. Breus says. The cool water stimulates blood flow and gives you a rush of endorphins. You could also consider a polar bear plunge if you have access to a pool. "There are many stories out these about people doing a 'cold swim' in the early a.m.," Dr. Breus says. "I have tried this personally and while invigorating, jumping into a freezing pool of water is not a ton of fun. However, a cool shower is easy to do, and very effective for me." If you can't bring yourself to hop right into a cool shower, Dr. Shane says suggests gradually turning the water temperature colder after it's already running over you. It's worth trying, especially when you know the 8 benefits of taking a cool shower.
Do some deep breathing
Although we think of deep breathing as calming, and therefore potentially more likely to put us to sleep, the increased oxygen flow actually helps the brain work better. Research on meditation and other breath-focused practices in Psychophysiology and World Journal of Clinical Cases show that they can strengthen your focus or attention and boost brain health, too. "With this I find that my patients may not be more alert but they are more focused," Dr. Breus says, which allows you to get through a mental task easier. Dr. Shane says deep breathing can also help you shake off the tired feeling, giving you more energy. Staying awake when you want to go to sleep puts stress on the body, and in stressful situations, our breathing tends to be shallow. "Breathe just a little more deeply and slowly than usual, and your breath will become smoother and more comfortable," he says. "That calms tension that had been contributing to your tiredness."
Staying fully hydrated can help keep the body working optimally, making us feel more awake when we're sleep-deprived. Our bodies are 60 percent water, so we need the fluid to function—if we're dehydrated, the effects of sleep deprivation are even worse. "When we are tired, our bodies often feel 'dried out,' so drinking lots of water or good fluids can help you feel less tired," Dr. Shane says. Even mild dehydration causes fatigue as well as a reduction in brain function, according to a small study published in the Journal of Nutrition. The opposite may be true as well: A study from the UK found that students who brought water into exams did better than those who didn't (and not just because smarter people come prepared!).
Give your eyes a break
Swollen, red eyes are often the result of not getting enough sleep, and this can make it hard to focus on the computer screen at work the next day. "Using eye lubricant to moisten your eyes can help you feel less tired," Dr. Shane says. The American Academy of Ophthalmology offers advice on how to use lubricating eye drops, also known as artificial tears. In addition, make sure to take frequent breaks to look away from your screen so your eyes can readjust and not get as fatigued. The American Optometric Association recommends sticking to the 20-20-20 rule: Every 20 minutes, stare at something 20 feet away for 20 seconds. This can help prevent digital eye strain, which could be made worse by sleep deprivation. Try some of these other ideas to boost energy naturally too.
Keep your brain stimulated
If you're wondering how to stay awake, you'll definitely want to keep your brain moving with some mental exercise. "Engaging in something interesting to do or talk about can stimulate your mind to feel more awake," Dr. Shane says. Simply having a conversation can ramp up your cognitive processes and make you "forget" you're tired. Or, focusing your mind on an engaging task—either a work project you're excited about, or a mental break like a crossword puzzle or game—can help keep you alert. Interestingly, we tend to be more creative when we're tired because our ideas are not as focused, according to a study published in the Journal of Thinking and Reasoning. So take advantage to write, draw, or solve some brain twisters.
Eat energy-boosting snacks
When your body is missing the rest and repair it needs from sleep, you can at least make sure it has the fuel it requires to keep going—and to keep your blood sugar levels stable. "Eating protein can give you more energy, but stay away from carbohydrates and fats, as they can make you feel more sluggish," Dr. Shane says. "Be careful with sugar because while it may temporarily give you more energy, for many people, that is followed by a slump." If you're in a meeting and can't chow down, research shows that popping a piece of gum can also work to stimulate the brain. It's a simple, yet effective, solution for how to stay awake. Or try one of these natural energy boosters that just might change your life.
Play upbeat music
Nothing gets your blood pumping more than a good song. Instead of dragging yourself through your morning routine, try bouncing around to a favorite tune to increase your energy level. "The sound stimulates your nervous system," Dr. Shane says. A study from Stanford found that music also stimulates areas of the brain involved with paying attention and memory. Additionally, it may help you keep alert in the car. "If you are driving, play loud music and open the window," Dr. Shane says. But, "be very careful and pull over if you are not alert enough to drive safely."
Lastly, you could rely on that old standby for how to stay awake: caffeine. Tons of research, and the first-hand accounts of formerly sleepy people everywhere, can attest to its effectiveness. But, it is a drug, so you should use it wisely. "Stimulant ingestion can be caffeine, the most commonly used substance, or an 'energy drink,' a shot of vitamins and sometimes caffeine," Dr. Breus says. "However if used too often a person will adapt to it; and if you use it too much, your brain will have difficulty functioning without it." Dr. Shane also warns to not drink caffeine any later than early afternoon, as you may have trouble getting to sleep at night, which will start the sleep deprivation cycle over again. If you do have time for a quick cat nap, Dr. Breus has a suggestion for timing your caffeine intake. "My favorite technique is called a nap-a-latte," he says. "Here I have people drink a cup of drip coffee and then take a 25-minute nap." The cat nap will reduce sleepiness, and then caffeine will kick in—so he says you'll be good for 4 hours. These are the 18 most effective ways to beat the afternoon slump at work and 7 signs you're drinking too much coffee.
- The National Sleep Foundation: “National sleep foundation recommends new sleep times”
- Michael Breus, PhD, clinical psychologist, Fellow of The American Academy of Sleep Medicine, and author of The Sleep Doctor’s Diet Plan
- Richard Shane, PhD, a behavioral sleep therapist
- The National Sleep Foundation: “Sunlight and Sleep”
- Physiology and Behavior: “Stair walking is more energizing than low dose caffeine in sleep deprived young women”
- World Journal of Clinical Cases: "Breath-based meditation: A mechanism to restore the physiological and cognitive reserves for optimal human performance"
- Psychophysiology: "Coupling of respiration and attention via the locus coeruleus: Effects of meditation and pranayama"
- The Journal of Nutrition: “Mild Dehydration Affects Mood in Healthy Young Women”
- British Psychological Society: “Bring water into exams to improve your grade”
- American Optometric Society: “Computer Vision Syndrome”
- Journal of Thinking and Reasoning: “Time of day effects on problem solving: When the non-optimal is optimal”
- Nutritional Neuroscience: “Effects of chewing gum on cognitive function, mood and physiology in stressed and non-stressed volunteers”
- Stanford Medicine: “Music moves brain to pay attention, Stanford study finds”
- Food Components to Enhance Performance: “Effects of Caffeine on Cognitive Performance, Mood, and Alertness in Sleep-Deprived Humans”