10 Things Nurses Always Keep in Their Medicine Cabinets
Nurses share the essential medical items you need for your home. These must-have items can help heal aches, cuts, and infections.
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Medicine cabinet essentials, according to nurses
You wake up with coughing and congestion. Your meeting runs long and you get a splitting headache. You trip while walking and scrape your knee. In all of these cases, you rush to the medicine cabinet looking for first aid help—but 44 percent of Americans won't find any. In fact, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), 48 percent of Americans do not have any emergency supplies at all. And when it comes to medications, the numbers aren't much better. According to a report by the National Community Pharmacists Association, 28 percent of people don't refill their prescriptions in time to avoid missing a dose, while 20 percent don't even fill new prescriptions they receive.
The key to being prepared for a medical emergency is to keep a fully stocked and effective medicine cabinet. The first step: Check out your current inventory and toss anything that has expired. "It is really common to buy things, not need them for a long time, and then when you go to use them they are expired," says Andrea Tran, a registered nurse, an international board-certified lactation consultant, and founder of Breastfeeding Confidential, a blog about all things breastfeeding.
"A tip to manage expiration dates is to have an inventory list of all the meds in your cabinet plus their expiration dates. Keep it handy and check it monthly. If you have a kit, include the earliest expiration date in there." Tran adds that you should also avoid combining or repackaging and keep items in their original boxes or bottles. That way, you'll always know what the expiration dates are.
Ready to restock your medicine cabinet? Read on for the products nurses rely on to heal every ache, cut, and infection.
"Acetaminophen medication is great for headaches and works as a fever reducer," says Sandra Crawley, RN and medical consultant at the parenting website Mom Loves Best. Indeed, acetaminophen (the medication found in Tylenol) helps to regulate body temperature and relieve the aches and pains that come with a fever, plus reduce pain caused by strains, sprains, and fractures. And it does so successfully. A 2017 study published in JAMA found that non-opioid painkillers like acetaminophen were as effective for reducing pain as opioid medications.
"Ibuprofen works as an anti-inflammatory, which is great for body and muscle pain," says Crawley. Another perk: According to a 2015 study published in the journal Pain, ibuprofen (which is found in Advil and Motrin) also has a pain-killing effect in the brain, helping ease the pain following an injury or surgical procedure by 83 percent 90 minutes after it occurs. But experts also encourage caution when taking nonsteroidal anti-inflammatories (NSAIDs) like ibuprofen. A 2016 study in the European Heart Journal: Cardiovascular Pharmacotherapy found that regular and consistent use may increase your risk of heart attack by up to 30 percent.
Vicks NyQuil and DayQuil
"Cold and flu medication like NyQuil and DayQuil are always in stock in our medicine cabinet," says Crawley. "These are great fever reducers that contain antihistamines, pain relievers, and a cough suppressant." As a one-stop option to limit symptoms like coughing, sneezing, congestion, and mild fever, combination meds like DayQuil and NyQuil can't be beat. Just don't combine them with other medications that might have the same ingredients; it could result in you taking more than the recommended amount.
"My medicine cabinet is always stocked with lots of alcohol swabs. Every cut, scrape or skin abrasion gets a rub down," says Nancy Brook, RN and a nurse practitioner at Stanford Healthcare and author of The Nurse Practitioner's Bag. The reason: According to the CDC, alcohol immediately kills any bacteria, viruses, or fungi that are present, preventing them from entering the body through the cut and causing an infection.
"Benadryl is a must have for any allergic reaction," says Brook. "I always recommend 25 mg over the counter." During an allergic episode, the body releases chemical messengers called histamines, which cause symptoms like inflammation, swelling, itchiness, sneezing, and runny nose. But diphenhydramine, or Benadryl, acts as an antihistamine, blocking histamine's effects and curbing symptoms.
While powerful in combatting symptoms when they arise, research suggests that antihistamines should not be taken long term: In a 2015 study, published in JAMA Internal Medicine, taking an antihistamine for three years or more was associated with a 54 percent higher risk of developing dementia than taking the same dose for three months or less. Brook adds: "Benadryl should not be taken with sedatives, sleeping pills, muscle relaxants or other drugs that are central nervous system depressants."
First aid kit
According to the CDC, 44 percent of Americans do not own a first aid kit. "I keep a first aid kit in my cabinet and I think every household should have one," says Glenda Hargrove, RN, owner of nursing-inspired brand Pill Apparel. "I am so serious about this that I've gifted my immediate family with first aid kits. It's one of those things that you don't think about needing until you actually need it."
"Antibiotic ointment cream is good for cleaning out boo-boos, preventing infections, and promoting healing," says Crawley. Topical antibiotics have been shown to quicken the healing of minor scrapes, cuts, and burns, and according to a 2018 review in Infection and Drug Resistance, they can effectively lower your risk of infection as the wound closes. Here are other ways to speed up healing.
"Nurses are well-known for eating super fast when they finally have time to sit down," says Crawley. "It's a habit we pick up at work, never knowing how much time we'll have for a meal. Even at home, this habit is hard to break. That is why you will find most nurses keep a bottle of TUMS in their lockers at work and in their medicine cabinets at home. The TUMS are great for safe, fast heartburn relief." Antacids may interact with certain prescription drugs, increasing the absorption of some while lowering the absorption of others. If you need to start taking prescription meds, be sure to ask your doctor if it is still safe to take antacids as well.
"Everyone needs band aids!" says Brook. There are a wide variety of shapes and sizes of band aids available. You should also try this hack the next time you have an awkwardly-shaped cut.
"At home, I only use non-antibacterial soap for my family," shares Angie McLaughlin, RN with the at-home lab testing company Everlywell. In addition to being gentler on sensitive skin, McLaughlin says there are other reasons to stick to the basics when it comes to soap. "There's no science to show that antibacterial soap does a better job protecting us from other illnesses and infections compared to regular soap and water. Also, the ingredients found in most antibacterial soaps haven't been proven to be safe when used daily over a long period of time." (Here are ten ways you might be washing your hands wrong.)
Next, once you have all your essentials, here's how to organize your medicine cabinet.
- "Are You Prepared?" Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
- "Medication Adherence in America: A National Report Card" National Community Pharmacists Association
- Andrea Tran, RN, BSN, MA, founder of Breastfeeding Confidential
- Sandra Crawley, RN, BSN, medical consultant at Mom Loves Best
- JAMA: "Effect of a single dose of oral opioid and nonopioid analgesics on acute extremity pain in the emergency department: A randomized clinical trial"
- Pain: "Cerebral analgesic response to nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug ibuprofen"
- European Heart Journal: Cardiovascular Pharmacotherapy: "Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug use is associated with increased risk of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest: a nationwide case—time—control study"
- "Recent Global Survey from Vicks Suggests Busy Consumers Are Reluctant to Take a Sick Day" Procter & Gamble
- National Institutes of Health: “Magnesium”
- Nancy Brook, RN, MSN, CFNP, and nurse practitioner at Stanford Healthcare and author of The Nurse Practitioner's Bag
- CDC: "Chemical Disinfectants: Alcohol"
- JAMA Internal Medicine: "Cumulative use of strong anticholinergics and incident dementia: A prospective cohort study."
- Glenda Hargrove, RN, owner of nursing-inspired brand Pill Apparel
- Infection and Drug Resistance: "A systematic review and meta-analysis on the use of prophylactic topical antibiotics for the prevention of uncomplicated wound infections."
- Angie McLaughlin, RN at the digital health company Everlywell